November 5, 2019

Unit 1

  1. He related to us the misfortunes of his family during the war. (tell)
  2. It is difficult to avoid a feeling of melancholy at the sight of school-age children selling vegetables. (sadness, depression)
  3. The mayor telephoned to inquire whether the gas supply had been resumed. (ask)
  4. I felt dismal after hearing the radio report of the latest forest fires. (gloomy, depressed)
  5. What is your recipe for happiness? (way of achieving something)
  6. Many Chinese emperors died young because their food was not wholesome. (causing good health)
  7. Only a callous person can see suffering without trying to relieve it. (insensitive, unsympathetic, unfeeling)
  8. The orphanage is just one of her philanthropic causes. (charitable, giving money and other help to the needy)
  9. I saw no justification for merging the two firms. (acceptable or good reason)
  10. Why did he give undue importance to such a minor international agreement? (excessive, more than is necessary)
  11. Khrushchev was an abject flatterer when Stalin was alive. (not deserving respect)
  12. The water rose above defensive banks built to contain it. (hold back)
  13. The possibility of an ultimate solution to the problem has receded rather than approached as the years went by. (move away)
  14. His work suffered because of his absorption in sports. (taking up the whole attention)
  15. They condemned him for his ignoble betrayal of their trust. (shameful, mean)
  16. As we grow old, we feel the decay of our powers. (decline)
  17. He has known both poverty and riches. (have personal experience of)
  18. The explorers were indifferent to the dangers and discomforts of the expedition. (not caring about, showing no interest)
  19. After visiting ten African countries, the Secretary of Commerce showed signs of weariness. (tiredness)
  20. De Gaulle personified the "man of action", so we were surprised by the contemplative tone of his writings. (thoughtful, reflective, meditative)

Unit 2

  1. Our county has set up ten vocational schools to impart skills and knowledge. (pass on, give, make known)
  2. Doing these weekly reports is sheer drudgery. (hard, boring work)
  3. Because of his pertinacity he finally succeeded in developing a new hybrid maize. (persistent effort, holding firmly to some principle or action)
  4. He told us about his vista of approaching success. (prospect, vision)
  5. Not many people understand the magnitude of the peasant problem in China. (great size, importance)
  6. Protection of intellectual property rights is a slippery problem. Piracy in this respect is common even in developed countries. (difficult to deal with)
  7. The interest of all the students converged upon the celebration. (meet at a point)
  8. Pedestrians faltered across the dangerously icy street. (stumble, move unsteadily)
  9. You are no friend if you withhold the truth from me. (refuse to give, hold back)
  10. In my job, a telephone is indispensable. (absolutely essential or necessary)
  11. We studied the best passages from culled works. (pick out and collect)
  12. Now you are good at winnowing truth from falsehood. (separate, select)
  13. The doctor made a few apt remarks about nutrition and health. (appropriate, fitting)
  14. The lazy chap skimped his job. (give insufficient attention and effort to)
  15. Exploring the English character has long been a favorite enterprise of literary men. (undertaking, project)

Unit 3

  1. I wish you felicity in marriage. (great happiness)
  2. Most people in the factory cold-shoulder him, thinking that he was a stick-in-the-mud. (be deliberately unfriendly)
  3. It is very difficult to uproot poverty in Africa. (eradicate, destroy utterly)
  4. Our country does not have a uniform minimum wage. (similar, same)
  5. Some of the returned students are European in outlook. (way of looking at life)
  6. An abiding malaise jaundiced his whole view of world affairs. (feeling of uneasiness whose exact cause cannot be explained)
  7. If you don’t vary the diet, you’ll risk the whole family getting jaded within a week. (tired and lacking zest)
  8. Their intelligence was thwarted from attaining its full scope by bad braining and lack of opportunity. (prevent, frustrate)
  9. Will you indulge my curiosity and tell me how much it cost? (satisfy)
  10. His sober demeanor quieted the noisy merrymakers. (bearing)
  11. He was cynical that any good could come of direct talks between Israel and Syria. (doubtful)
  12. Many merchants swindled their customers. (cheat)
  13. His air of politeness borders on subservience. (slavish obedience)
  14. These policies show that the retired leader is a statesman of vision. (foresight and wisdom)
  15. Don’t moan, it doesn’t help solve your money problems. (grumble, complain)
  16. He considered it prudent to postpone acceptance of our offer. (sensible and careful)
  17. His call for reducing tensions rings hollow. (produce a certain impression on the hearer)
  18. He did not have a grain of true repentance for his abominable life. (nasty and disgusting)
  19. If his record had been impeccable, the senior immigration officer would not have taken an early retirement. (faultless)
  20. The diplomat explained the matter clearly so as to preclude all misunderstandings. (prevent, make impossible)
  21. That nightclub offers only low-brow entertainments. (simple and easy to understand)

Unit 4

  1. The Japanese player swapped his watch with a Chinese player for a flower vase. (exchange)
  2. After serving tea to the visitor and her husband, she withdrew to her own room. (go away, retire)
  3. We do not reproach him for laziness because he has done his utmost. (criticize)
  4. The referee tossed a coin into the air to decide which team would serve first. (throw lightly)
  5. The young man’s attentions were unheeded by the girl. (act of courtesy or devotion)
  6. He threw his bag onto the back seat of the car and eased himself in. (move slowly, carefully and gently)
  7. Their basement was filled with a miscellany of objects. (a collection of different things)
  8. The minister was charged with the awesome responsibility of overseeing the country’s economic re-structuring. (causing respect and wonder or fear)
  9. The boy hated the indignity of being spanked by his father. (humiliation)
  10. The police raided the club and arrested several dubious characters. (questionable, doubtful)
  11. Their marriage was opposed by their relatives because it had political overtones. (suggestions)
  12. The seat tally of his party in the parliament rose to 50 after the general election. (score, account)
  13. The football players scuffled on the field during the match. What a scandal! (a confused fight using fists and feet)
  14. If the plane had not crashed it might have landed in some inaccessible place. (difficult or impossible to reach)
  15. His mother kept on chivvying him to get his hair cut. (urge in an irritating way)
  16. Before the war Chinese immigrants to Australia faced hostility, contempt and ostracism. (state of being excluded from a group)
  17. The children smiled with pleasure at the antics of red squirrels. (odd and amusing behavior)
  18. Can’t you see she is merely dallying with your affection? (treat frivolously)
  19. Her slander against his good name arose from pure malevolence. (ill-will, malice)
  20. What accounts for that repairman’s surly manner? (haughty, arrogant)
  21. More make-shift houses were needed for the earthquake victims. (temporary and of poor quality)
  22. He hustled across the street just before the traffic light turned red. (move quickly, hurry)
  23. I’ve known him for years but the remains something of an enigma to me. (puzzle, mystery)
  24. You must find out why they are dawdling over their work. (be slow, waste time)
  25. He scoured the bookstore for the general’s autobiography. (make a thorough search)